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Miniconjou

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In c. 1800 there were three main ‘maximal bands’ – units with claims to specific subsets of the tribal domain – among the Miniconjou. These were the Miniconjou proper, the Taku-hkpa-ya, and the Wanonwakteninan. Each of these comprised several hundred people, and several extended family bands (tiyoshpaye). Behind this overview we can detect the presence of an ancestral band, the Hohwozhu, which during the 18th century attracted bands from other Lakota and Dakota divisions. My growing hunch is that the Hohwozhu family line threads through many of the historic bands listed by e.g. Riggs and Josephine Waggoner. Tonight let’s look at the Taku-hkpa-ya. In 1795 Truteau assigned them 80 lodges, approximately 800 people. My analysis suggests they should break down something like this:


A. Wakpokiyan Flies Along the Creek • Wakpokiyan proper One Horn family: from Santee 1745?• Hunkapi, or “Grandmother Band” (from Hohwozhu) Lame Deer family• Shikshichela from Santee 1745?• Big Belly from intermarriage with Two Kettles?• Red-Topped Tipis Red Warbonnet – from Santee; to Brule 1802+

B. Wagleza-owin Gartersnake Earring• Wagleza-owin proper Little Crow family• From Hohwozhu Humpback family • Another tiyoshpaye? Ista-caniye?

C. Oyuhpe or Taku-hkpa-ya from Oglala 1767• Oyuhpe • Cut Testicles• Wakan

D. Ashke Lock of Hair, Wrapped Hair (Not Braided)• Ashke Iron Man: from Wazhazha/Brule c. 1790+• No Mother from Hohwozhu: intermarried with Ashke, elements of both return to Brule 1807-20

Read more:  http://amertribes.proboards.com/thread/2181/miniconjou-band-structure#ixzz5fV0ibiyI

The second maximal band, or oshpaye, we need to consider was the Miniconjou proper. In c. 1800 I think they number about 75 lodges, 750 people, about 10 or 12 tiyoshpaye. Their principal leader was Thunder Hoop. I think they break down something like this:

A. Unkche-yuta, Dung Eaters. Corn Man (father of Crazy Horse's stepmothers) was the itanchan by 1830s

1. Unkche-yuta proper.2. Maga-yuha, field owner3. Maka-mignake (associated after c. 1850 with White Hollow Horns-Little Bear)

B. Glaglahecha, Slovenly. Associated with Swan dynasty from c. 1740 forward.4. Glaglahecha proper.5. Black-Topped Tipis6. Swan7. Tahuka (Buffalo Hide) - derived from core Hohwozhu band?

C. Inyanha-owin, Musselshell Earrings. 8. Pte San Hunka tiyoshpaye (Joseph White Bull belongs to dynastic family)9. Feather Earrings tiyoshpaye10. Fire Thunder tiyoshpaye

Read more:  http://amertribes.proboards.com/thread/2181/miniconjou-band-structure#ixzz5fV0zWNvr

The last of the three maximal bands of the Miniconjou c. 1800 was the Wanonwakteninan, a name which means to kill accidentally, without intending. The band was also known as the Broken Arrow, from one of the sub-bands, with the soundalike Lakota name Wanhinwega (lit. to break an arrow with the foot - a reference to the arrow used in swearing veracity to a a maiden's virginity or woman's fidelity). The Broken Arrow group may be doubly significant, because according to Cheyenne River historian Bronco LeBeau, the Broken Arrow and Gartersnake Earring bands were the two oldest Miniconjou bands. The Two Kettle were still another sub-band, which divided from the parent band about the year 1840 and created an autonomous tribal division or oyate. 

In 1800 the band numbered about 650 people, approximately 65 lodges and ten tiyoshpaye. Their principal leaders included itanchan No Heart and Shirt Wearer Two Lance (father of the Four Bears line of Two Kettle chiefs). They should break down something like this. (TK) indicates a tiyoshpaye or family that aligned with the Two Kettles after 1840.

1. Wanonwakteninan proper - 2 tiyoshpaye, 1 (TK)2. Oiglapta, Eat Everything Up (TK - Four Bears)3. Wanhinwega, Broken Arrow4. Shunka-yuteshni, Eat No Dogs - 2 tiyoshpaye, No Heart and (TK) Long Mandan5. Nige tanka, Big Belly - 2 tiyoshpaye, 1 (TK)6. Mawahkota (TK)7. Keze Shicha, Bad Barbs - to Sichangu after 1832

Read more:  http://amertribes.proboards.com/thread/2181/miniconjou-band-structure#ixzz5fV1BVcLy


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In accordance with the "Teton Sioux Population History, 1655-1881" taking the number of Miniconjou in 1805 about 200 lodges, we find that Wanonwakteninan is only about 45 lodges and 450 people in them. Taking into account the data on the Two Kettles, the composition of the group Broken Arrow will be something like this:

Wanonwakteninan

A. Wannawegha broken arrow

• Wannawegha proper, No Heart family

At Josephine Waggoner's eupominayutsya Two Kettles following groups: 

But also meets the following name Spotted Elk's band – Hehepiya, Foot of the Hills.


Read more:  http://amertribes.proboards.com/thread/2181/miniconjou-band-structure#ixzz5fV1Q7HJV


In c. 1800 there were three main ‘maximal bands’ – units with claims to specific subsets of the tribal domain – among the Miniconjou. These were the Miniconjou proper, the Taku-hkpa-ya, and the Wanonwakteninan. Each of these comprised several hundred people, and several extended family bands (tiyoshpaye). 

A. Wakpokiyan Flies Along the Creek

B. Wagleza-owin Gartersnake Earring

C. Oyuhpe or Taku-hkpa-ya from Oglala 1767

D. Ashke Lock of Hair, Wrapped Hair (Not Braided)



Read more:  http://amertribes.proboards.com/thread/2181/miniconjou-band-structure?page=2#ixzz5fV1aeXuD


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