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Irokesförbundet 


Tolatsaga - Iroquois
Irokesförbundet
Parker

1534 När Jaques Cartier mötte irokeserna på Gaspékusten, och 1535 när han seglade nedför St Lawrencefloden till Stadacona (nuv Quebec city) kontrollerade irokeserna floden.
1608 När Champlain grundade Quebec hade irokeserna lämnat floden och bosatt sig mellan Lake Champlain och Geneseefloden, i vad som nu kallas Finger Lakeområdet i staten New York.
1609 Hjälpte Champlain Algonkin- och Montagnais (fr Algonquins-inferieurs) i deras krig mot irokesförbundet och från den dagen kom irokeserna att inta en fientlig hållning till allt vad fransmän och deras allierade algonkinindianer heter.
1640-1660 Mellan 1640 och 1660 ödelade irokesförbundet de Huronska missionsbyarna (1649) ; stängde handelsrutten via Ottawafloden och terroriserade nybyggare längs St Lawrencefloden.
1645 slöt sieur de Montmagny fred med Mohawkerna, men krigen återupptogs 1653.
1660 höll Adam Dollard des Ormeaux irokeserna för en tid i schack genom ett skickligt försvar mot deras attacker mot Long Sault i Ottawafloden.
1665 Än mer motstånd och motgångar rönte irokesförbundet 1665 när Carignan-Salièresregementet byggde fort längs Richelieufloden.
1666 Utförde marquis de Tracy straffexpeditioner mot mohawkerna och byar brändes. Följden av detta blev fred som varade fram till 1682.
1684 En dåligt utförd kampanj utförd av sieur de La Barre bara gjorde Senecairokeserna mer aggressiva och under straffexpeditonen 1687 då marquis de Denonville ödelade Senecabyar gav upphov till ett allmänt irokesisk anfall mot de franska bosättningarna som kulminerade i massakern vid Lachine 1689.
1696 Början till slutet av terrorkrigen kom när irokeserna  kuvades av comte de Frontenac.
1701 Fred slöts i Montreal och Nanfanfördraget undertecknades.
Irokeserna gav upp det land de själva ansåg sig erövrat genom bäverkrigen söder om Stora Sjöarna, vilket banade väg för fransmännens intentioner att lägga hela landet väster om Alleghenybergen, inklusive Ohiolandet under sig. Geopolitiskt var det grunden för ”Kriget mot fransmän och indianer” (Sjuårskriget).




Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881
League of the Ho-dé-no-sau-nee, or Iroquois / by Lewis H Morgan. - Rochester : Sage & Brother, 1851. - 477 s. : ill.

Another edition, published the same year, differs only in having plates uncolored. -
Appendix I (p. [465]-474): "Schedule explanatory of the Indian map," arranged in 3 columns giving the corresponding English and Indian names of the localities, stream, etc., with their signification

Beauchamp, William Martin, 1830-1925
A history of the New York Iroquois : now commonly called the Six Nations / by William M Beauchamp. - Albany : New York State Education Departement, 1905. - 341 p. :  Index. - (Bulletin // New York State Museum ; 78) (Archaeology ; 9)
   Paginerad 125-461

Blair, Emma Helen
The Indian tribes of the upper Mississippi Valley and region of the Great Lakes : as described by Nicolas Perrot, French commandant in the Northwest; Bacquevile de la Potherie, French royal commissioner to Canada; Morrell Marston, American Army officer; and Thomas Forsyth, United States agent at Fort Armstrong  / translated, edited, annotated, and with bibliography and index by Emma Blair - Cleveland, Ohio : Arhur H Clark co.
   Vol 1. / [Perrot, Nicolas]. - 1911. - 372 s. : ill.
   Vol 2. - 1912. - 412 s. : ill. - Bibliography. - Index.

Brush, Edward Hale
Iroquois past and present / by Edward Hale Brushrush. Including brief sketches of Red Jacket, Cornplanter and Mary Jemison / by Edward Dinwoodie Strickland. - Buffalo : Baker, Jones & co, 1901. - 96 p : ill.
Topics Red Jacket (Seneca chief), ca. 1756-1830Cornplanter, Seneca chief, 1732?-1836Jemison, Mary, 1743-1833Iroquois Indians

Caswell, Harriet S. Clark), Mrs
Our life among the Iroquois Indians / by Harriet S. Caswell. - Boston and Chicago : Congregational Sunday-school and publishing society, 1892. - 321 p.
  Senecamissionen. - Wright, Asher, 1803-1875Wright, Laura Maria (Sheldon), Mrs., 1809-1886Seneca Indians -- Missions


Colden, Cadwallader 1668-1776
The history of the Five Indian Nations of Canada : which are the barrier between the English and French in that part of dthe world….. - 1750. - 283 p.

Dodge, Jacob Richard
Red Men of the Ohio Valley : An Aboriginal History of the Period Commencing A.D. 1650, and Ending ...by J. R. Dodge. -  Springfield : Ruralist Publishing Company, 1860. - 435 s.

Ellis, Edward Sylvester, 1840-1916 
The Indian wars of the United States, from the first settlement at Jamestown, in 1607, to the close of the great uprising of 1890-91 / by Edward S Ellis. - Chicago : J.D. Kenyon, 1902. - 484 p. : ill.
   First published 1892. - Page 470 is torn and repaired, affecting legibility. Page 481/482 lacking from physical copy.

Hewitt, J. N. B.

Iroquoian cosmology. - 212 s + 5 pl.
= Sid. 127-339 + 5 pl. i: 21th Annual report of the Bureau of American Ethnology to the secretary of the Smithsonian Institution 1899-1900. - Washington : Government printing office, 1903. - 360 s. : ill.

Hewitt, J. N. B.
Iroquoian cosmology : second part, with introduction and notes. - 370 p.
= Sid. 449-819 i: 43 Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology… 1925-1926. - Washington : Smithsonian institution,1928.

Myrtle, Minnie 
The Iroquois, or, The bright side of Indian character / by Minnie Myrtle. - New York : Appleton, 1855. - 317 p.

Dunlap, William, 1766-1839
History of the New Netherlands, province of New York, and state of New York : to the adoption of the federal Constitution. - New York : Printed for the author by Carter & Thorp, 1839. - 487 s.
   Vol 1. - 435 p
   Vol 2. - 282 p. + Appendix.

Bilharz, Joy
Oriskany : a place of great sadness : a Mohawk valley battlefield ethnography / Joy Bilharz with assistance from Trish Rae. - Boston, Ma : Northeast Region Ethnography Program, National Park Service, 2009. - 177 p. : litt. - (Fort Stanwix National Monument special ethnographic report) 

Cornplanter, Jesse 1889-1957, Seneca
Iroquois Indian Games and Dances / drawn by Jesse Cornplanter. - 14 pl.

Proud, Robert, 1728-1813
The history of Pennsylvania, in North America, from the original institution and settlement of that province, under the first proprietor and governor, William Penn, in 1681, till after the year 1742. - Philadelphia : Printed and sold by Z.Poulson. 

Vol 1. 1797. - 508 p.
Vol 2. - 1798. - 373 p. + Appendix 146 p.

Hathaway, Benjamin, b. 1822 
The league of the Iroquois, and other poems / by Benjamin Hathaway. - 1880. - 319 p.
  Poesi, noter, ordlista.

Stone, William Leete 1792-1844
Border wars of the American revolution. - New York : Harper & brothers, 1845.
   Vol 1. - 1857. - 384 p.
   Vol 2. - 381 p.

Barbeau, C. M.
Iroquoian Clans and Phratries / by C.M. Barbeau. - 11 p.
= Sid.392-402 i AMERICAN ANTHROPOLOGIST ; 1917:19

Barbeau, C. M.
Parallel between the Northwest Coast and Iroquoian Clans and Phratries / by C.M. Barbeau. - 3 p.
= Sid.403-405 i AMERICAN ANTHROPOLOGIST ; 1917:19

Sulte, M. Benjamin
The war of the Iroquois. - 24 s.
= Sid 124-151 i: Archaeological Report : Being part of appendix to the report of the Minister of Education Ontario, 1899. - Tortonto : Warwick Bro's. & Rutters, 1900. - 198 p.
   Innehåll.(Contents) vol 1899. - Innehåll (Contents) vol 1900.

Beauchamp, William Martin, 1830-1925
Iroquois folk lore, gathered from the Six nations of New York / Slected and arranged by W M W Beauchamp for the Onondaga Historical Association. - New York : Dehler press, 1922. - 247 p. 


SKÖNLITTERATUR

texts

Lighthall, W(illiam) D(ouw) 1857-1954
The master of life : a romance of the Five nations and of prehistoric Montreal by W. D. Lighthall ; [Illustrations are signed J(ohn) S(sloan) Gordon]. - Toronto : Musson, 1908. - 262 s. : ill.
"An aboriginal romance [having as hero] Hiawatha ... founder of the famous league of the Five nations ... The Hiawatha of Longfellow is a different being."



© Staffan Jansson 2017